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Matthew 22

The Parable of the Wedding Banquet

1 And answering Jesus again spoke to them in parables saying: 2 The kingdom of heaven is like [a] man [who] [was] king, who gave [a] wedding for his son. 3 And he sent his slaves to call those invited1 to the wedding, and they did not want to come. 4 Again he sent other slaves saying: Say to those invited2: Behold my noon meal is prepared, my bull and my fattlings are killed, and five [are] ready. Come to the wedding. 5 But being unconcerned they left, one to his own field, and one to his business. 6 The rest laying hold of his slaves committed outrages and killed them. 7 And the king was angered and sending his troops, he destroyed those murderers and burned their city. 8 Then he says to his slaves: The wedding is ready, but the invited3 were not worthy. 9 Go therefore to the street-corners4 or "crossroads", and whoever you find call to the wedding. 10 And going out into the road these slaves gathered all they found, wicked5 and good. And the wedding hall was filled with guests. 11 And when the king came in to behold the guests he saw there [a] man not clothed in wedding clothes. 12 And he says to him: Friend, how do you come here not having wedding clothes? But he was silent. 13 Then the king said to the servants: Having bound him hand and foot, throw him into the outermost darkness. There will there be wailing and grinding6 of teeth. 14 For many are called, but few [are] chosen.

Paying Taxes to Caesar

15 Then when the Pharisees departed they plotted how they may trap him in word. 16 And they sent to him their disciples with those of Herod saying: Teacher, we know you are true and you teach the way7 of God in truth, and are anxious toward no one, for you do not see the appearances of men. 17 They said therefore to him: How does it seem to you, is it permissible to pay Caesar's poll tax or not? 18 But Jesus having known8 their perniciousness said to them: Why do you test me, [You] hypocrites? 19 Show me the coin of the poll-tax. So they brought him [a] denarius. 20 And he says to them: Whose is this image and superscription? 21 They say: Caesar's. Then he says to them: Render9 to Caesar the things [that] [are] Caesar's, and to God the things [that] [are] God's. 22 And when they heard [this] they were amazed, and going forth they left.

Marriage and the Resurrection

23 In that day the Sadducees came to him, who say [there] is no resurrection, and they questioned him 24 saying: Teacher, Moses said: If anyone die not having children, his brother shall marry10 his wife and raise up seed to his brother. 25 Now there were beside him seven brothers. And the first who married came to his end, and not having seed left his wife to his brother. 26 Likewise also the second and the third until the seventh. 27 Last of all the wife died. 28 In the resurrection therefore whose of the seven is the wife? For all had her. 29 But answering Jesus said to them: You are misled, not knowing the scriptures nor the power of God. 30 For in the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, 31 but are as11 the angels in heaven. But concerning the resurrection of the dead, haven't you read the [thing] spoken to you from God saying: 32 I am the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob? He is not God of the dead but of the zoe-living12 . 33 And hearing this the crowds were astounded at his teaching.

The Greatest Commandment

34 But when the Pharisees heard that he had silenced the Sadducees, they were gathered together, 35 And one of them, [an] expert on the Law, testing him asked, 36 Teacher, what sort of commandment [is] great in the Law13? 37 So he said to him: You will agape-love the Lord your God in all your heart and in all your psyche-life14 and in all your mind. 38 This is the great and first commandment. 39 The second is like it: You will agape-love your neighbor as yourself. 40 In these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.

The Messiah: David's Son and Lord

41 Now when the Pharisees gathered together Jesus questioned them 42 saying: How does it seem to you concerning the Christ? Whose son is he? They say to him: David's. 43 He says to them: How therefore does David in the spirit call him Lord saying15
44 The Lord said to my Lord:
Be seating yourself at my right hand
Until I place your enemies beneath your feet?

45 If therefore David calls him Lord, how is he his son? 46 And no one was able to be answering him [a] word nor did any dare from that day to ask him anything.

1literally "called"

2literally "called"

3literally "called"

4or "crossroads"

5PONEROS (πoνηρoς ) here. The Greek word KAKOS (κακoς ) is always translated `evil', PONEROS is usually translated as `wicked' although occasionally as `bad'; it can also mean 'diseased', 'sickly' and is thus translated where appropriate. Like KAKOS, PONEROS also means `evil', but the harm that evil does is more in view, where KAKOS is more `evil as evil'.

6or "gnashing," "biting," "snarling"

7or "road," "path"

8or "knowing"

9or "give back what is due," "repay"

10"marry as next of kin". The idea is that if a husband died childless, the wife would have children by his brother so she would have children to take care of her in her old age

11or "like"

12from ZOE "ZOH-ay" (ζωη)—Life 'collectively', interdependent, interconnected. Although it means 'life' in the conventional sense (for example: Matt.9:18, Matt.27:63, Luke.2:36, Acts.25:24, Rom.7:2, 2Cor.1:8, 1Thes.4:17, 1Tim.5:10, Rev.19:20), Jesus uses ZOE exclusively of 'life eternal' (with the possible exceptions of Luke.15:13, Luke.16:25). The other N.T. writers use ZOE in both senses—temporal and eternal, generally clear from the context. The Father is the 'zoe-living God' (see Matt.16:16). The Septuagint (LXX) in Gen.2:7 has "...[God] breathed into his nostrils the breath of zoe-life, and the man became a zoe-living psyche-life" (and see 1Cor.15:45); and Gen.3:20 (LXX) "And Adam called his wife's name ZOE, because she was the mother of all zoe-living." Contrast PSYCHE (ψυχη): an individual manifestation of life/consciousness. See John.12:25 where both ZOE and PSYCHE occur. Greek also has the word BIOS (βιoς ) for 'life' in the sense of biological processes.

13or "of what sort is a great commandment?"

14from PSYCHE (ψυχη): an individual manifestation of life/consciousness. Animals have PSYCHEs as well as humans. Contrast ZOE (ζωη)—Life 'collectively', interdependent, interconnected.