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Luke 4

The Temptation of Jesus

1 Now Jesus full of [the] Holy Spirit returned from the Jordan, and was led by the spirit in the wilderness, 2 being tested forty days by the devil. And he ate nothing in those days, and having completed them he was hungry. 3 So the devil says to him: If you are [the] son of God, tell this stone to become bread. 4 And Jesus answered him: It is written that1:
Not upon bread alone will man zoe-live2 3

5 And leading him up he showed him all the kingdoms of the inhabited-world in [an] instant of time. 6 And the devil said to him: To you will I give all this authority and their glory, because to me have they been given over and [I in turn] to whom I wish to give it. 7 You therefore, if you worship before me, all will be yours. 8 And Jesus answering said to him: It is written4:

You will worship [the] Lord your God
And him only5 will you serve6.

9 But he brought him to Jerusalem and stood him upon the pinnacle of the temple, and said to him: If you are [the] son of God, throw yourself down from there, 10 For it is written that7:

He will command his angels concerning you, to protect you.

11 And that8:

Upon [their] hands they will bear you
Lest you strike your foot against [a] stone.

12 And Jesus answering said to him that: It is said9:

You will not test [the] Lord your God.

13 And having completed every test, the devil withdrew from him until [an] opportune-time10 .

The Beginning of Jesus's Ministry in Galilee

14 And Jesus returned in the power of the spirit to Galilee, and news went out to all the surrounding region concerning him. 15 And he himself was teaching in their synagogues, being glorified by all.

Rejection at Nazareth

16 And he came into Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and entered according to his custom in the day of the Sabbaths into the synagogue, and stood to read. 17 And [the] scroll of the prophet Isaiah was given to him, and having opened the scroll he found the place where it was written11:
18 [The] spirit of the Lord [is] upon me
Because he has anointed me
to proclaim good news to the poor, 12
To proclaim pardon to the captives
and recovery of sight to the blind,
To send away the oppressed in pardon,
19 To proclaim [the] welcome13 year of the Lord.

20 And having rolled up the scroll, [and] having returned it to the assistant, he sat, and all eyes in the synagogue were looking intently on him. 21 So he began to be speaking to them that: Today this scripture has been fulfilled in your ears. 22 And all were testifying [well] of him and were marveling upon the words of grace proceeding out of his mouth, and were saying: Is this not Joseph's son? 23 And he said to them: Certainly you will tell me this parable: Physician, heal yourself; as much as we heard came to pass in Capernaum, do also here in your native-land. 24 But he said: Truly I say to you that no prophet is welcome14 in his native-land. 25 But in truth I say to you, there were many widows in Israel in the days of Elijah, when the heavens were shut three years and six months, that there came to pass [a] great famine upon all the land, 26 and to none of them was Elijah sent except to to [the region of] Sarepta in Sidon, to [a] widow woman. 27 And there were many lepers in Israel in the time of Elisha, and none of them were cleansed except Naiman the Syrian. 28 And all were filled with rage in the synagogue, hearing these [things], 29 and having risen up they threw him out of the city and led him to [the] brow of the mountain upon which their city was built, in order to throw him down the cliff. 30 But he himself, having passed through their midst, was departing.

Ministry in Capernaum

31 And he came down into Capernaum, [a] city of Galilee. And he was teaching them on the Sabbaths, 32 and they were astonished by his teaching, for his word was in authority.

33 And in the synagogue was [a] man having [a] spirit of [an] unclean demon, and he cried out with [a] loud voice, 34 Yikes! What [is] to you and to us15, Jesus [the] Nazarene? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are: the holy one of God! 35 And Jesus rebuked him saying: Be silenced and come out from him. And having thrown him down in their midst, the demon came out of him, not having harmed him. 36 And wonder came to pass upon all, and they spoke to one another saying: What is this word16, that with authority and power he commands the unclean spirits and they come out? 37 And the news concerning him went out into all the surrounding region.

38 So having risen up from the synagogue he entered into the house of Simon. Now Simon's mother-in-law was gripped by [a] great fever, and they asked17 him concerning her. 39 And having stood over her, he rebuked the fever, and it left her. And immediately having arisen she was serving them.

40 But while the sun [is] setting, all as many were having sickliness by various diseases they brought them to him, but laying his hands on each of them he was healing them. 41 And demons also were come out of many, crying out and saying that: You are the son of God! And rebuking [them] he did not permit [them] to speak this, because they knew [him] to be the Christ.

42 Now when it became day, having gone out he went to [a] wilderness18 place, and the crowds were seeking him, and they came to him, and were hindering him from leaving them. 43 But he said to them that: Also to the other cities must I preach the kingdom of God, for on this was I sent. 44 And he was preaching in the synagogues of Judea19.


2from ZOE "ZOH-ay" (ζωη)—Life 'collectively', interdependent, interconnected. Although it means 'life' in the conventional sense (for example: Matt.9:18, Matt.27:63, Luke.2:36, Acts.25:24, Rom.7:2, 2Cor.1:8, 1Thes.4:17, 1Tim.5:10, Rev.19:20), Jesus uses ZOE exclusively of 'life eternal' (with the possible exceptions of Luke.15:13, Luke.16:25). The other N.T. writers use ZOE in both senses—temporal and eternal, generally clear from the context. The Father is the 'zoe-living God' (see Matt.16:16). The Septuagint (LXX) in Gen.2:7 has "...[God] breathed into his nostrils the breath of zoe-life, and the man became a zoe-living psyche-life" (and see 1Cor.15:45); and Gen.3:20 (LXX) "And Adam called his wife's name ZOE, because she was the mother of all zoe-living." Contrast PSYCHE (ψυχη): an individual manifestation of life/consciousness. See John.12:25 where both ZOE and PSYCHE occur. Greek also has the word BIOS (βιoς ) for 'life' in the sense of biological processes.

3add: `But upon every word of God': AK; txt: ℵBW


5`only' is found in the Greek, but not Deut.6:13-neither the Hebrew nor the LXX

6LATREUO (λατρευω) serve as applies only to the carrying out of religious duties (See Danker (2000)), as opposed to the more general DIAKONEO (διακoνεω `to serve'




10KAIROS (καιρoς ) `opportune time', `proper time', `season'

11Is.61:1 ff.

12insert `He has sent me to heal the crushed in heart': AK, found in the LXX so likely inserted to make this passage match; omit: ℵBDW

13or `acceptable'

14or `acceptable'

15i.e. "What do we have do to with each other?"

16that is, `What does this mean?'

17EROTAO (ερωταω) "Ask", but more polite, not demanding/begging as is AITEO. Both AITEO and EROTAO occur in John.16:26.

18or `deserted'

19"Judea" p75 ℵBW; "Galilee" D K vg