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Luke 17

Sin, Forgiveness, Faith, and Service

1 But he said to his disciples: It is impossible for stumblings not to come, but woe through whom they come. 2 It is better for him if [a] millstone is placed around his neck and he is hurled into the sea, than that he stumble one of these little [ones]. 3 Be paying heed to yourselves. If your brother sin, rebuke him, and if he repent, forgive him. 4 And if seven times during the day he sin against you and seven times he return to you saying: I repent, forgive him.

5 And the apostles said to the Lord: Add1 faith to us. 6 But the Lord said: If you have faith as [a] mustard seed, you would say to this mulberry tree: Be uprooted and be planted in the sea; and it would obey you.

7 But who among you having [a] slave plowing or shepherding, who when he enter from the field he say to him: Straightway having come by, recline! 8 But rather he says to him: Prepare something I may eat, and being girded [about] be serving me until I eat and drink, and after these you eat and drink. 9 Does he have grace for the slave who did the [things] commanded? 10 Thus you also, when you do everything commanded to you, be saying that: We are worthless slaves, what we owe2 to do we have done.

The Grateful Leper

11 And it came to pass when proceeding to Jerusalem, he was going through the midst of Samaria and Galilee. 12 And when he was entering one certain village, ten leprous men met him, who stood from afar. 13 And they lifted [their] voice saying: Jesus master, have mercy upon us. 14 And seeing, he said to them: Having gone show yourselves to the priest. And it came to pass in the going away they were cleansed. 15 But one of them, seeing that he was healed, returned with [a] great voice praising God, 16 and fell on his face by his feet thanking him. And he was [a] Samaritan. 17 But answering, Jesus said: Were not ten cleansed? Where [are] the nine? 18 Were there not found having returned to give glory to God except this foreigner? 19 And he said to him, Having stood, be going, your faith has saved you.

The Coming of the Kingdom

20 Now when he was asked by the Pharisees when the kingdom of God comes, he answered them and said: The kingdom of God does not come with observations, 21 neither will they say: Behold here or there [it is]. For behold the kingdom of God is among you3.

The Coming of the Son of Man

22 But he said to his disciples: The days will come when you will lust to see one of the days of the son of man and you will not see. 23 And they will say to you: Behold [he is] there, behold here. Do not go out nor pursue. 24 For just as the lightning when it flashes shines from that under heaven to that under heaven, thus will the son of man 4 in his day. 25 But first it is necessary he suffer and be rejected by this generation. 26 And just as it came to pass in the days of Noah, thus will it be in the days of the son of man. 27 They were eating, were drinking, were marrying, were being given in marriage, until which day Noah entered the ark, and the cataclysm came and all perished. 28 Likewise just as it came to pass in the days of Lot. They were eating, were drinking, were buying, were selling, were planting, were building; 29 but in the day Lot departed from Sodom, fire and brimstone rained from heaven and all perished. 30 According to such [things] will it be in the day the son of man is revealed. 31 In that day, whoever will be on the roof and his property in the house, let5 him not come down to take it. And the [one] in the field likewise let5 him not return to the [things] behind. 32 Remember Lot's wife. 33 But whoever seeks to save6 his psyche-life7 will lose8 it, and whoever loses8 [it] will make9 it zoe-alive10 . 34 I say to you, in this11 night two will be in one bed—the one will be received, the other will be left. 35 There will be two grinding together12—the one will be received, the other will be left. 36 13 37 And answering they say to him: Where Lord? But he said to them: Where the body14 [is], there also will the vultures be gathered.

1or "Increase"

2or "ought," "are obligated"

3`you' is plural

4"in his day" W vg K; omit: p75BD


6"save": ℵAWK; "make his psyche-life zoe-alive": D; "acquire his psyche-life": p75B

7from PSYCHE (ψυχη): an individual manifestation of life/consciousness. Animals have PSYCHEs as well as humans. Contrast ZOE (ζωη)—Life 'collectively', interdependent, interconnected.

8APOLLUMI (απoλλυμι) To lose something that one previously possessed. Can also mean `ruin' or `destroy'—see Rev.9:11 where the angel of the Abyss is named `Apollyon' (same root word).

9or 'keep'

10from ZOE "ZOH-ay" (ζωη)—Life 'collectively', interdependent, interconnected. Although it means 'life' in the conventional sense (for example: Matt.9:18, Matt.27:63, Luke.2:36, Acts.25:24, Rom.7:2, 2Cor.1:8, 1Thes.4:17, 1Tim.5:10, Rev.19:20), Jesus uses ZOE exclusively of 'life eternal' (with the possible exceptions of Luke.15:13, Luke.16:25). The other N.T. writers use ZOE in both senses—temporal and eternal, generally clear from the context. The Father is the 'zoe-living God' (see Matt.16:16). The Septuagint (LXX) in Gen.2:7 has "...[God] breathed into his nostrils the breath of zoe-life, and the man became a zoe-living psyche-life" (and see 1Cor.15:45); and Gen.3:20 (LXX) "And Adam called his wife's name ZOE, because she was the mother of all zoe-living." Contrast PSYCHE (ψυχη): an individual manifestation of life/consciousness. See John.12:25 where both ZOE and PSYCHE occur. Greek also has the word BIOS (βιoς ) for 'life' in the sense of biological processes.

11i.e. the aforementioned

12may refer to a hand mill normally operated by two women.

13add vs. 36: "[There will be] two in [the] field—one will be received, and the other left." D vg; omit vs. 36: BDWKH

14or "carcass"