Breaking Human Traditions1 And the Pharisees and some of the scribes are gathered to him having come from Jerusalem. 2 And having seen some of his disciples that with defiled hands, that is unwashed, eat bread, 3 —for the Pharisees and all the Jews, if they not wash to [the] fist their hands, they do not eat, holding the tradition of the elders. 4 And from the fields, if they should not sprinkle, they do not eat, but indeed many things there are that they have received to be holding, [the] dipping1 of cups and pitchers and kettles and [dining] couches— 5 and the Pharisees and the scribes ask him, Why do your disciples not walk according to the tradition of the elders, but with defiled hands eat bread? 6 But he says to them: Well did Isaiah prophesy concerning you hypocrites, as it is written that2:
This people honors me with their lips
But their heart holds off from me afar;
7 But futilely they worship me
Teaching [as] teachings the commandments of men.
8 Having left the commandment of God you hold the traditions of men. 9 And he says to them: Well do you set aside the commandments of God, that you may keep your traditions. 10 For Moses said: Be honoring your father and your mother, and the [one] speaking evil of father or mother shall be brought to the end3 by death. 11 But you say: If [a] man should say to his father or mother: Corban, which is: [a] gift [to God], whatever by me you may have been profited, 12 You no longer allow him to do anything for his father or mother, 13 making void the word of God by your traditions that you have handed down, and many such similar [things] you do.
14 And again having called upon the crowd he says to them: Hear from me, all [of you], and understand. 15 There is nothing outside of man entering into him that is able to defile him; But the [things] proceeding out are the [things] defiling the man. 16 4 If anyone has ears to be hearing, let him be hearing3.
17 And when he entered into the house from the crowd, his disciples asked him [about] the parable. 18 And he says to them: Are you thus also without understanding? Do you not understand that everything outside entering into the man is not able to defile him? 19 That it does not enter into the heart but into the belly, and proceeds out into the latrine? Thus he declares all foods clean. 20 But he was saying to them that: What comes out of man, this defiles the man. 21 For from inside the heart of men proceed out evil reasonings, fornications, thefts, murders, 22 adulteries, avarices, wickedness5 , deceit, licentiousness, [an] evil eye, slander, arrogance, 23 all these wicked5 [things] from inside proceed out and defile the man.
A Syrophoenician Woman's Faith24 Having gone up from there he departed into the region of Tyre and Sidon6. And having entered into [a] house he wished no one to know, and he was unable to escape notice. 25 But straightway [a] woman having heard concerning him, whose daughter was having [an] unclean spirit, having come fell before his feet. 26 But the woman was [a] Greek, in the race Syrophonician, and she asked7 him that he cast the demon out of her daughter. 27 And he was saying to her: Let the children first be filled3, for it is not good to take the bread of the children and throw [it] to the puppies8. 28 But she answered and says to him: Yes9 Lord, and the puppies under the table eat from the children's crumbs. 29 And he said to her: Because of this word, Be going, the demon is come out [of your] daughter. 30 And having departed into her house she found the child thrown upon the bed and the demon gone out.
Healing a Deaf Mute31 And again having gone out of the regions of Tyre, he came through Sidon to the sea of Galilee up along the middle of the regions of the Decapolis10. 32 And they brought to him [a] deaf and speech impeded [man], and they called upon him in order that he lay his hand on him. 33 And taking him aside from the crowd privately, he thrust his fingers into his ears and having spat he touched his tongue. 34 And having looked up into heaven he groaned and says to him: Ephphatha, which is: Be opened up. 35 And his hearing was opened, and straightway the bonds of his tongue were loosed, and he spoke straight. 36 And he ordered them in order that they tell no one; but as much as he ordered them, these rather heralded all the more. 37 And beyond all measure they were astounded saying: He has done everything well, and the deaf he makes to be hearing and the mute to be speaking.
4vs 16: DW vg K most; omit vs. 16: Bℵ few
5PONEROS (πoνηρoς ) here. The Greek word KAKOS (κακoς ) is always translated `evil', PONEROS is usually translated as `wicked' although occasionally as `bad'; it can also mean 'diseased', 'sickly' and is thus translated where appropriate. Like KAKOS, PONEROS also means `evil', but the harm that evil does is more in view, where KAKOS is more `evil as evil'.
6"and Sidon" ℵBHK vg most; omit: DW
8or "little dogs"
9"Yes" ℵBKH vg most; omit: p45 DW
10"the Ten Cities"