The Call of the Disciples1 Now it came to pass as the crowd was pressing upon him and hearing the word of God, that he was standing by the lake Genesaret, 2 and he saw two boats standing beside the lake. And the fishermen having gotten out from them were cleaning their nets. 3 But having gotten into one of the boats, which was Simon's, he asked1 him to put out a little from the land. And having sat he was teaching the crowds from the boat. 4 Now when he finished speaking, he said to Simon: Put out to the depths, and let down your nets for [a] catch. 5 And Peter answering said: Master2, having worked hard the whole night, we took nothing, but upon your word I will let down the nets. 6 And having done this he enclosed [a] great fullness of fish, and their nets were tearing3. 7 And they signaled to [their] companions in the other boat that having come they help. And they came, and filled both boats so as to be sinking them. 8 But Simon Peter having seen this, he fell before Jesus on his knees saying: Depart from me, for I am [a] sinful man, Lord. 9 For astonishment seized him and all those with him upon the catch of fish that they had taken. 10 Likewise also James and John sons of Zebedee, who were partners with Simon. And Jesus said to Simon, Be not fearing, from now on you will be capturing4 men. 11 And having brought the boats to the land, having left all, they followed him.
Healing a Leper12 And it came to pass while he was in one of the cities [that] behold [there was a] man full of leprosy. But seeing Jesus, having fallen on [his] face he begged him saying: Lord, if you wish, you are able to cleanse [me]. 13 And having stretched out his hand he grasped5 him saying: I wish [it], be cleansed. And immediately the leprosy left him. 14 And he ordered him to speak to no one, but: Having departed, show yourself to the priest, and offer concerning your cleansing just as Moses prescribed, for [a] witness to them. 15 But instead the word traveled concerning him, and great crowds came together to be hearing and to be healed from all their sickliness. 16 But he was retreating to the wildernesses and praying.
Healing and Forgiving a Paralytic17 And it came to pass in one of [those] days he also was teaching, and there were seated Pharisees and law-teachers who were come from every village of Galilee and Judea and Jerusalem. And power of the Lord was to him to be healing. 18 And behold men having brought upon [a] stretcher6 [a] man who was paralytic, and they were seeking to bring him in and place him before him. 19 And not having found by what way they may bring him in through7 the crowd, having gone up upon the roof8 they let him down with the stretcher6 through the roof-tiles9 into the midst before Jesus. 20 And having seen their belief he said: Friend10, your sins have been forgiven you. 21 And the scribes and the Pharisees began to be reasoning saying: Who is this who speaks [God]-slander? Who is able to forgive sins except God only? 22 But Jesus having known their reasonings, answering he said to them: Why do you reason in your hearts? 23 Which is easier, to say: Your sins have been forgiven you, or to say: Be rising and be walking? 24 But in order that you may know that the son of man has authority upon earth to forgive sins—he said to the paralytic: I say to you: Be rising and having taken your stretcher6 be going to your house. 25 And immediately having stood up before them, having taken [that] upon which he laid, he departed to his house glorifying God. 26 And astonishment seized all, and they were glorifying God, and were filled with fear saying that: We have seen wonderful11 [things] today.
The Call of Levi; Eating with Sinners27 And after these [things] he went out, and saw [a] tax collector, Levi by name, sitting in the tax booth12, and he said to him: Be following me. 28 And having left all, having stood up, he was following him.
29 And Levi gave [a] great banquet in his house, and there was [a] great crowd of tax gatherers and others who were reclining13 with them. 30 And the Pharisees and their scribes14 were murmuring to his disciples saying: Why do you eat and drink with tax gatherers and sinners? 31 And answering Jesus said to them: The healthy have no need of [the] physician, but those having [it] badly15. 32 I am not sent to call [the] just, but sinners to repentance.
The Superiority of the New33 But they said to him: The disciples of John fast often and do prayers, likewise also [the disciples] of the Pharisees, but with you they eat and drink. 34 But Jesus said to them: Are the sons of the bridegroom able, when the groom is with them, to do fasting?16 35 But the days will come, and when the bridegroom departs from them, then will they fast in those days.
36 But he was also saying to them [a] parable that: No one having torn [a] patch from [a] new garment places [it] on [an] old garment, but if so he will both tear the new, and the old will not agree with the [patch] from the new. 37 And no one places new wine into old skins, but if so the new wine will tear the skins, and it will spill out and the skins will be ruined. 38 But one must put new wine into new skins. 39 And no one drinking old wine wishes new, for he says: The old is good enough.
2EPISTATA (epsilonπστατα), a term of respect for a person of high status. In the N.T. it only occurs in Luke.
4ZOGREO (ζωγρεω) `to capture alive', vs. LAMBANO `to catch, to take' in vs. 5
5Touching him would have left Jesus ceremonially unclean. Lev.14:46
7or `because of'
8A house in 1st century Palestine would have a flat roof, with stairs or a ladder going up. Often this access was on the outside.
9KERAMOS (κεραμoς ) means `clay' when referring to pottery. But 1st century Palestine homes would not have had tile roofs-their structures wouldn't have supported them, nor a second story. The author is likely is using a term familiar to his readers.
10lit. `Man', except that in 1st century Jewish culture this would have been a friendly and respectful form of address. See Danker (2000) s.v. ανθρπoς 8: "in address, varying from a familiar tone to one that is more formal ... indicating a close relationship between the speaker and the one addressed".
11PARADOXA (παραδoξα) also means "unexpected"
12Something like a `tax toll booth': it was on the edge of town, collecting goods and produce as tax from sellers entering the town. "In the ancient world taxes were primarily of two types: (1) a head tax on each individual (which was relatively small) and (2) revenue or tribute paid for goods and produce brought into an area for sale. The latter was essentially a kind of `sales tax,' but paid by the seller who obviously increased the prices of goods accordingly. ( Swanson (1997)57.183) Tax-collectors were regarded as `collaborators with the Romans' and were thus hated.
13This refers to the Jewish practice of eating a meal in a semi-reclining position.
14Experts in the Law
15`Having it badly': an idiom for `being sick'
16Grammar indicates "no" answer expected or expresses uncertainty