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Luke 11

Instructions on Prayer

1 And it came to pass when he was in the place where he prayed, as he stopped, one of his disciples said to him: Lord, teach us to pray, just as John also taught his disciples. 2 So he said to them: When you pray, be saying:
Father, let1 your name be holy
Your kingdom come
3 Be giving to us each day bread for the day
4 And forgive us our sins,
For we also forgive all [those having] come short towards us.
And lead us not into [the] test.

5 And he said to them: Who among you has [a] friend, and he proceeds to him during the night and he says to him: Friend, lend me three loaves, 6 since my friend has come from the road to me and I do not have anything to set before him. 7 And that [one] from inside answering said: Be not causing trouble for me, I have already shut the door, and my children are with me in the bed. I am unable having arisen to give to you. 8 I say to you, if he will not give to him [the loaves] having arisen because he is his friend, because of his insistence will he having arisen give whatever he needs.

9 And I say to you, Be asking2 , and it will be given you; be seeking, and you will find; be knocking, and it will be opened to you. 10 For everyone asking2 receives, and [everyone] seeking finds, and to [everyone] knocking it will be opened. 11 But from which father among you will his son request2 [a] fish, but instead of [a] fish will give him [a] snake? 12 Or he also request2 [an] egg, will he give him [a] scorpion? 13 If therefore you being wicked3 know good gifts to give to your children, how much more will the father in heaven give the Holy Spirit to those asking2 him.

Jesus and Beelzebub

14 And he was casting out [a] demon, and it was mute, so it came [about] when the demon came out the mute spoke, and the crowds marveled. 15 But some of them said: In Beelzeboul the ruler of demons he casts out demons. 16 And others testing [him] were seeking [a] sign; from heaven from him. 17 But he having known their thoughts said to them: Every kingdom divided against itself is laid wasted, and house against house falls. 18 Now if satan be divided against himself, how does his kingdom stand? For you say I cast out demons in Beezeboul. 19 But if I cast out demons in Beezeboul, in whom do your sons cast [them] out? By this they become your judges. 20 But if in the finger of God I cast out demons, then the kingdom of God has come upon you. 21 But whenever the strong being fully armed guards his own court, his possessions are in peace. 22 But if one stronger than him having entered conquer him, he will take his full armor against whom he had prevailed, and will distribute the spoils. 23 The [one] not being with me is against me, and the [one] not gathering with me scatters.

Response to Jesus's Work

24 Whenever the unclean spirit goes out from the man, he goes through dry places seeking rest, and not finding [any] he says: I will return to the house from whence I departed. 25 And having come he finds [it] swept and decorated. 26 Then he goes and gathers seven other demons more wicked3 than himself, and having entered they set up house there, and the last [state] of that man becomes worse than the first.

The Sign of Jonah

27 Now it came to pass when he was saying these [things a] certain woman having lifted up [her] voice said: Blessed [is] the belly4 that bore you and the breasts which gave you suck. 28 But he said: On the contrary, blessed are those hearing the word of God and guarding [it]. 29 Now when the crowds were gathered even more he began to be saying: This generation is [a] wicked3 generation, it seeks [a] sign, and [a] sign will not be given it except the sign of Jonah. 30 For just as Jonah became [a] sign to the Ninevites, thus will also the son of man be to this pernicious generation. 31 [the] queen of the south will arise in the judgment with the men of this generation and condemn them; for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and behold [one] greater than Solomon [is] here. 32 [the] men of Ninevah will arise in the judgment with this generation and condemn them; for they repented upon the preaching of Jonah, and behold [one] greater than Jonah [is] here.

Internal Light

33 No one having lit [a] lamp places it in [a] hidden place nor under the peck measure, but upon the lampstand, in order that those entering the radiance might see. 34 The light of the body is your eye. Whenever your eye be clear5, even your whole body is full of light. But whenever it be diseased3, you body also [is] dark. 35 Be looking therefore that the light in you be not darkness. 36 If therefore your whole body be full of light, not having any part dark, it will all be full of light, as when the lamp illumines you with light.

Rebuking the Pharisees and Experts in the Law

37 Now when he spoke [a] Pharisee asked6 him to breakfast with him; so having entered he reclined. 38 Now the Pharisee when he saw marveled that he did not first wash before breakfast. 39 So the Lord said to him: Now you Pharisees clean the outside of the cup and the dish, but the inside [of you] is full of robbery and wickedness3. 40 Ignorant [ones], doesn't the [one] doing the outside also do the inside? 41 Nevertheless give what is inside to charitable giving and behold all in you is pure.

42 But woe to you Pharisees, for you tithe mint and rue and every herb, and pass by the judgment and agape-love of God. But it was necessary to do these not leaving the others undone. 43 But woe to you Pharisees, for you agape-love the first seats in the synagogues and the greetings in the marketplaces. 44 Woe to you, for you are as the unseen grave, and men walking above do not know [of it].

45 But answering one of the lawyers says to him: Teacher, saying these [things] you treat us insolently. 46 But he said: And woe also to you lawyers, for you burden men with burdens difficult to carry, and you with one [of your] fingers do not touch these burdens. 47 Woe to you, that build the graves of the prophets, for your fathers killed them. 48 Therefore are you witnesses and you agree with the deeds [of your] fathers, for they killed them, and you build their graves. 49 And because of this the wisdom of God said: I will send to them prophets and apostles, and of them they kill and persecute, 50 in order that the blood of all the prophets shed from the foundation of the world be required of this generation, 51 from the blood of Abel until [the] blood of Zacharius, the [one] destroyed between the altar and the house. Yes, I say to you, it will be required from this generation. 52 Woe to you lawyers, for you have taken away the key of knowledge. You yourselves do not enter and those entering you prevent7.

53 And then when he departed the scribes and the Pharisees began to have grudge terribly, and to be closely interrogating him, 54 lying in wait to catch something from his mouth.


2AITEO "ay-TEH-oh" (αιτεω) "request", "demand", "beg" something for oneself. Far from humbly requesting—it's more like 'demanding'. Jesus uses AITEO only of the prayer of others, not of His own (cf. John.16:26)—and not requesting things for Himself, only for others. AITEO seems to suppose a lesser degree of intimacy than EROTAO (ερωταω), hence AITEO is used of the requests of the disciples to God, but EROTAO of the requests of the disciples to Jesus, and of those of Jesus to the Father ( John.14:16). AITEO is demanding/begging/pleading, EROTAO is polite and friendlier. Both AITEO and EROTAO occur in John.16:26.

3PONEROS (πoνηρoς ) here. The Greek word KAKOS (κακoς ) is always translated `evil', PONEROS is usually translated as `wicked' although occasionally as `bad'; it can also mean 'diseased', 'sickly' and is thus translated where appropriate. Like KAKOS, PONEROS also means `evil', but the harm that evil does is more in view, where KAKOS is more `evil as evil'.


5or "sound," "healthy," "single," "simple"

6EROTAO (ερωταω) "Ask", but more polite, not demanding/begging as is AITEO. Both AITEO and EROTAO occur in John.16:26.

7or "hinder"